Setmalar Ragini: Folio from a ragamala series (Garland of Musical Modes)

This ragini evokes the rainy season and is given dramatic expression by the bands of heavy clouds and snakelike bolts of lightning across the upper register. The associated text by Lachiman Das tells of a woman, who, stricken by separation from her husband, has dressed as a man and taken up asceticism: “[She] has rubbed ash on her body . . .[and] remembers, in her heart, [her] husband . . . [as she sits] in the courtyard of the hermitage. The dark clouds appeared from the four directions, followed by the birds and brilliant lightning.” The juxtaposition of flattened forms and color fields, which are typical of the Malwa painting style that flourished outside the Mughal sphere of influence, gives this work a forceful presence.

Ink and opaque watercolor on paper


Creator : 


Collection : 

Metropolitan Museum of Art

Date :


Rights :



You can copy, modify, distribute and perform the work, even for commercial purposes, all without asking permission.

Creative Commons

You can :

remix /  adapt this work even for commercial purposes, as long as you :

  • give appropriate credit and
  • license new creations under the identical terms.

Creative Commons

You can remix, adapt, and build upon this work, even commercially, as long as you:

  • credit the original creation. 

Creative Commons

Explore More