A masseur massaging the arm of a man who is sitting on a low stool, with a leg immersed in a brass basin

A Ghulām or bath attendant of the Shūdra caste. To a customer in a Mughal-inspired bath-house he is providing snehana and svedana: these are two Ayurvedic procedures, of which the former includes external oil massage to nourish the “nervous system”, while the latter applies hot steam to flush out the “toxins”.

Watercolour on paper


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