Symbols of the Chakravartin: Folio from a Digambara Manuscript, Possibly the Shalibhadra

Jina’s are routinely eulogized in terms of kingship and are assigned the regalia and symbolic attributes of a “universal ruler,” or chakravartin. Here, the symbols of divine kingship—the elephant, horse, umbrella, weapons, conch, and fire altar—are interspersed with five seated figures in a grid pattern.

Ink and opaque watercolor on paper


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Metropolitan Museum of Art

Date :

late 17th century

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